About 55% of the Somali population is believed to be nomadic pastoralists and another quarter to be agro-pastoralists. In Somaliland, pastoralism is well recognized at governmental level and a National Co-ordination Body has been set up for pastoral development in the country.
However, there are many problems and challenges pastoralists in Somalia/Somaliland are facing. Lack of political stability, drought, and the export ban of livestock to the Gulf Countries are putting major constraints on pastoralist economies and livelihoods.
A summary of PENHA in Somaliland since 2001 can be obtained as a pdf here.(347 kb)
Somalia: Country profile
Population: 9.56 million
Agro-pastoralist population: 55%
Surface area: 637, 660 Km2
Land occupy by Pastoralist: 60 - 70%